Plant Nutrients: what they are and why they are important
Plants nutrients are divided into two main categories: macronutrients and micronutrients. Within these two categories there are 17 essential plant nutrients. The essential macronutrients needed for plants to grow are nitrogen, phosphorus, potassium, calcium, sulfur, carbon, magnesium, oxygen, and hydrogen. The essential micronutrients are iron, chlorine, manganese, boron, zinc, molybdenum, nickel, and copper. Apart from carbon, oxygen and hydrogen, which are absorbed from the air, plants nutrients are typically absorbed by the plant from the growing medium in which it sits, such as soil. The absorption of plant nutrients can be sped up by the use of stimulators. For example, Bloom Stimulator from BAC simulates the increase of useful micro-organisms in the soil, which leads to faster absorption and transportation of nutrients into and around the plant.
Plants Nutrients, Their Roles and Uses
Each of the plants nutrients plays a distinct role in the growth and development of the plant. For example, nitrogen is essential for the development of leaves, magnesium contributes to the green colouring of the leaf (which plays a role in photosynthesis), and calcium is used by the plant to build disease resistant cell walls. For a plant to grow and produce a yield, the 17 essential plant nutrients must be available to the plant in sufficient amounts. What is more, the 17 essential nutrients must be supplied to the plant in the correct ratio. This is why plant fertilisers will always quote the ratio of the 3 main macronutrients - nitrogen, phosphorus, and potassium - using the NPK ratio.
Diagnosing lack of nutrients
When plant nutrients are not present in sufficient amounts, this can cause nutrient deficiencies in plants, which lead to stunted growth and poor crop yields. On the other hand, if nutrient levels are too high this can cause nutrient toxicity, which can be equally damaging to a plant’s growth. Nutrient deficiencies and nutrient toxicity can often be diagnosed by observing discolouration or misshaping of the plant’s leaves. Find out more about how to identify nutrient deficiency and toxicity in plants here.
Plants Nutrients from BAC
The best way to ensure plants have sufficient nutrients, supplied in a balanced ratio, is to use carefully formulated plant fertilisers and plant stimulators, such as those created by BAC. Used together, these products will ensure a plants nutrients are available in the right amounts and ratios, and that the plant will be ready to use them. The organic plant stimulants from BAC have been carefully researched to aid plants, bushes, and trees with growth, and to protect them against disease. Along with the Bloom Stimulator, BAC’s stimulant range includes: