Plant fertilizer is used to provide a plant with specific nutrients that are lacking in sufficient amounts in the growing medium. Fertilizers can be used to account for and correct nutrient deficiencies and they can also be used to boost plant growth and development ensuring an abundant yield.
Plant Fertilizer: Macronutrients and Micronutrients
Although not always the case, plant fertilizer typically consists of a mix of nutrients. Nutrients in plant fertilizer can be divided into two main categories: macronutrients and micronutrients.
Plant macronutrients are nitrogen (N), phosphorus (P), and potassium (K). Each of these nutrients is essential to plant growth. A combination of the three is required by all plants. Plant fertilizer will display the amount of each essential macronutrient it contains using the NPK ratio. An NPK ratio of 6-6-6 has equal parts nitrogen, phosphorus, and potassium.
Plant fertilizer may also contain a mix of micronutrients. Essential plant micronutrients include boron, zinc, manganese, iron, copper, and chlorine. Micronutrients are included in plant fertilizer in trace amounts. However, despite only needing tiny amounts of each, without them a plant will develop deficiencies and its growth will be stunted. Therefore, many plant fertilizers contain these micronutrients in addition to a combination of the main macronutrients.
Plant Fertilizer: Organic and Inorganic Sources
There are two possible sources of plant fertilizer: organic and inorganic. Organic sources of fertilizer include compost, peat moss, manure, and other natural, organic materials.
Inorganic fertilizer, also known as synthetic fertilizer, is produced using industrial processes. The most famous is the Haber-Bosch process, which produces nitrogen fertilizer. The process was designed by German scientists in the early 20th century and is still the main method of producing the widely-used nitrogen fertilizer that is used to grow agricultural crops all over the world.
Another commonly used synthetic plant fertilizer is ammonium phosphate. This substance is made by combining ammonia with phosphoric and nitric acid. The end result is a fertilizer that is high in phosphorus while also containing some nitrogen.
Pros and Cons of Organic Plant Fertilizer
Long-term Nutrients - Organic fertilizers typically provide lasting benefits to the soil, providing a nutrient-rich environment for plant growth over a long period. The disadvantage of organic fertilizer is that it takes time to break down in the soil, which means nutrients are not readily available to plants.
Pros and Cons of Synthetic Plant Fertilizer
Fast and Effective - Synthetic fertilizers are available in liquid form and, as such, can quickly alter the nutrient balance in the soil. This makes them very effective at remedying nutrient deficiencies and giving plants an immediate boost. The benefits of synthetic fertiliser are short-lived, however, and their use will not contribute to building healthy nutrient-rich soil.
Plant Fertilizer from BAC
Here at BAC, we offer several powerful, scientifically-verified plant fertilizers to boost your plant’s growth and yield.
Using our plant fertilizers in combination with our plant stimulator products will ensure your plants have all the nutrients they require in the correct amounts and ratios and be able to absorb those nutrients effectively.
Explore our plant fertilizers and stimulators further:
- Growth nutrients for strong, early development.
- Bloom nutrients for the flowering phase.
- Root stimulator to increase nutrient absorption.